If you struggle with recurrent headaches, the list of possible causes can be daunting. Pain of any type that occurs in any part of the head falls under the broad definition of “headache.” Headaches can be a symptom of a different health problem or caused by temporary chemical imbalances in the brain.
Headaches can be also stem from poor posture. We spend our 9-to-5 sitting at a desk typing away and our free time scrolling our smartphones; these lifestyle factors keep the head and shoulders chronically hunched forward. The muscles in the front of the neck become under-used and over-stretched while the upper trapezius muscle works overtime fighting against gravity. At the chest level, the hunched shoulders allow the pectoral muscles to shorten and tighten while the shoulder blade stabilizers take a vacation. Headache pain is only one painful consequence of this movement pattern.
Adjust your monitor position: The center of your computer screen should be approximately eye level. If possible, the screen can be tilted slightly forward so that the entire screen is in the line of sight.
Adjust your line of sight by moving your eyes instead of your neck: Once the monitor is in position, your neck can stay in a neutral position. Instead of moving your neck, you can see your entire screen moving only your gaze.
Directly face your monitor: Keep your work station directly in front of so you do not have to rotate constantly to view your screen or use your mouse. Keeping frequenlty-used items within reach can also help you avoid rotating often.
Relax your shoulders: your mouse and keypad should be level with your forearms, and your forearms parallel with the floor. If this position isn’t possible, change your elbow angle to raise the height of your hands rather than recruiting tight shoulder muscles
Get a document holder: If you typically refer to paper documents, a document holder can help you position them in a comfortable line of sight so that you are not forced to rotate your body or crane your neck forward to view them.
Use a headset: holding your phone in place by clamping it between your neck and your shoulder won’t do you any favors. A hands free headset, bluetooth, or headphones with a microphone will remove this possibility.
Once your office is shipshape, the other common culprit is the smartphone. Your phone isn’t stationary like your desktop, so you will have to keep these tips in mind every time you use it.
Hold your phone up: Like your computer screen, bring your phone into your line of vision. Often, people hold their phone at waist height and have to crane the neck straight down to see it. Holding the phone up allows you to see the screen with a neutral neck
Make your screen easier to read: Adjust your phone font size and brightness settings so that you can read the content without compromising a neutral neck and relaxed shoulders
There’s an app for that: There are apps circulating that will alert you if your phone angled too far forward (which might mean you are craning your neck forward to see it). While this could be a useful cue, the app can only detect phone position and can’t correct your posture!